A teaching resume is basically the same as any other job's resume. Just be sure and list and highlight any and all items and experiences you have that will make you a more attractive teacher to hire.
These are just a few things that should be in a resume for any person looking for a teaching position.
Life experiences that involve the qualities of a teacher
Specific classes taken to be a better teacher. (this does not include basic teacher classes)
Awards and recognitions that show teaching ability or a teacher characteristic.
Regular teaching jobs would be listed in the normal way any prior employment would be.
It is helpful, however, to add a separate section just for teaching experience. This way your teaching experience is highlighted.
If you have little or none of the above items, get working on it! Find a seminar. Find a workshop. Pad your resume with good teaching stuff. Your local school district will have a list of all local teaching seminars and workshops. They may even give some themselves.
There is some debate whether teachers need to create a portfolio. If you have no idea what a teaching portfolio is, think of it as a scrapbook on your life, slanted to teaching.
In short, a portfolio is a book that highlights your life. It includes any and all awards, not just teaching. It includes certificates for special things, like seminars or even volunteer work. When I donated some crayons and coloring paper to a local hospital, they sent me a letter of appreciation. That went in my portfolio. If you won awards in high school, like perfect attendance, and other special school recognitions, it goes on your portfolio. Make copies of your degrees and certificates and put them in your portfolio. Any letters of acceptance for jobs and schools, put them in your portfolio. Again, anything and everything that you can brag about. But do include plenty of teaching stuff. Your teacher education classes are full of projects. Include some. You can even make a video of you teaching. In my day it was VHS, today you can put it on a DVD. Makes putting it in your portfolio much easier.
Bring your resume and portfolio to your teaching job interview!
Want to learn more about being a teacher? Read more: